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Screen-printing

Also called serigraphy or stencil printing. A printing technique where the ink is pressed onto the print substrate through the printing form. The printing form consists of a fabric mesh tautly stretched over a frame. A stencil is mounted on the mesh. The fabric must be of a loose structure such as silk, synthetic fibres or bronze wire. Non-printing areas are covered on the fabric, whereas printing elements remain open. During printing, ink is forced through the uncovered parts of the stencil and onto the print substrate. For the reproduction of photographs, the fabric is covered with a light-sensitive layer that becomes water-insoluble by hardening. Now a photochemically manufactured foil is placed on the fabric, the image to be printed facing down. After exposing, the unexposed parts on the fabric that were covered through the image can be washed off with warm water. The result is a partially porous and partially leak-proof surface, the print form. Screen-printing allows the reproduction of complex drawings and finest nuances.

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