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Counterpoint

L punctus contra punctum = note against note.The teaching or art of composition for several parts (polyphonic). Whereas harmony is concerned with the vertical structures in a musical composition, counterpoint deals with the horizontal movement of several (at least two) independent parts.The canon is an example of the contrapuntal principle in its most archetypal form. The fugue is one of the most important and artistic contrapuntal forms. The teaching of counterpoint is still one of the key elements in a musicians studies.

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